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MYTHS & LEGENDS
Title: Myths and Legends of the Himalayas
Myths and legends are usually traditional stories that are often handed down through generations but lack factual evidence. Often myths have a religious or spiritual significance. The Himalayan region has been associated with countless myths and mystical creatures since ages. Some of the popular myths and legends are mentioned in this section. The Himalayas, by dint of their intimidating heights, unique topography and varying climate conditions, have long fascinated mankind. Even though several expeditions have explored the region, the heart of the Himalayas still appear impenetrable and veiled to all who venture into the wilderness beyond the frontiers of civilization. Many regions of the Himalaya are still inaccessible to ordinary travelers. Civilization, as we know it, is yet to penetrate several remote areas of this region. There may still exist places not explored by man, as Pemako existed till the late 1990’s....
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Title: Creation of the World
The Tibetan ‘Jigten Chagtsul’ is a cosmography rooted in the ancient theories on the origin of the world. According to it, the story of the creation of the world began with the creation of the cosmic mountain, Rirab Lhunpo, popularly known as Sumeru or Meru. The story of creation, as described in the Jigten Chagtsul, begins...
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Title: Formation of the Himalaya
The Mahabharata speaks of the formation of the Himalaya. In the very beginning of time and creation, the Hindu god Vishnu used to live by the shores of a great vast sea (later identified as the Tethys Sea). A pair of seagulls also nested on the same shore. Every year the female seagull would lay her eggs by the shore of the sea. But the...
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Title: Mount Sumeru
Mount Sumeru (also known as Meru) is a cosmic mountain believed to be the central axis of all physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes. It is the sacred mountain of Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism and Bon (Tibet’s pre-Buddhist religion). According to the Tibetan ‘Jigten Chagtsul’, a cosmography rooted in the ancient...
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Title: Origin of the Ganges
In the Hindu mythology, the holy river Ganges is also the goddess Ganga. She was the daughter of Himavat, god of the Himalayas, and the celestial nymph Mena. She originally flowed only through heaven. The story of Sagara, king of Ayodha, and his sixty thousand sons, preludes the story of how Ganga was made to descend on...
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Title: Pemako
Somewhere between the borders of southeast Tibet and northeast India, the Yarlung Tsangpo River, which flows in the Indian subcontinent by the name Brahmaputra, takes a sharp turn near Mount Namcha Barwa, and plunges deep into the bowels of the earth, forming the mighty Tsangpo gorge. A “Five Mile Gap” existed between the...
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