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The policies that have a bearing on the Himalayan region include policies of the central government in India as well as those adopted by the states with parts that lie in the Himalayan region. Policies pertain to administration, management and use of forests, rights of tribal communities, among others. The national five-year plans also outline State action and directives with respect to development of mountain areas and their tribal communities.

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Among the India policies that have
a bearing on the Himalayan region
Title: The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006

The Act resulting from prolonged struggle of the indigenous communities to assert their rights over the forests that they are totally dependent on. It is crucial tool to recognize the rights of tribal population and other forest dwellers in India, which also strives to empower and strengthen the local self governance, address livelihood security of the dependent population,...

Title: The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

India enacted the Environmental (Protection) Act of 1986 (EPA) under Article 253 of the constitution to protect and improve human environment and to prevent hazards. In post Bhopal disaster scenario, the EPA was devised as an umbrella legislation to provide a framework for addressing the shortcomings of the previous environmental legislations in India. The Act aims to...

Title: The Biological Diversity Act Of India, 2002

The Biological Diversity Act 2002 (No.18 of 2003), enacted by the Indian parliament, is a significant umbrella legislation to conserve the biological diversity of the country and related knowledgebase and facilitate fair access to these. Being a signatory to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), India passed the Act that prevents bio-piracy,...