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As a wholly Himalayan nation, all policies of the Nepal government are Himalaya-specific. To achieve regional balance, among high mountain, hill and tarai, as well as east to west, the country has been zoned into multiple development zones, and the national plans and policies have tended to adopt this regional approach and focus. However, in the current political context of the country, most policies and programmes are in a state of flux, while the implementation of most are at best, rather weak.

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Among the policies for mountains,
hills and terai in Nepal
Title: Local Self-Governance Act of Nepal, 2055 (1999)

The Act seeks to ensure utmost participation of the sovereign people of Nepal in the process of governance by means of decentralization. The Local Self-Governance Act, 2055 (1999) and the Local Self-Governance Regulation, 2056 (1999) are considered to be landmark achievements in the institutionalizing decentralization. These have delegated more power and autonomy to the local...

Title: Water Resources Act, 2049 (1992)

In Nepal, water resources are considered to be strategic natural resource having the potential to catalyze all round development and economic growth of the country. Management and utilization of water resources in the country is governed by the Water Resources Act 2049 (1992). The Act seeks to ensure rational utilization, conservation, management and development of the water...

Title: Environmental Protection Act of Nepal 2053 (1996)

The foundation of the legal structure for environmental assessment and mitigation in Nepal was laid by the Environmental Protection Act 2053 (1996) and the subsequent Environmental Protection Rules 2054 (1997), which were further revised on 2055 (1999). This Act is supported by various provisions in other related Acts, such as, the Forest Act, the National Parks and Wildlife...