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International Conventions are subject to ratification, acceptance or accession by States. They define rules with which the States undertake to comply. International conventions adopted by the General Conference and recommendations to Member States are prepared in accordance with a pre-established procedure, namely, the Rules of Procedure concerning Recommendations to Member States and International Conventions covered by the terms of Article IV, paragraph 4, of the Constitution.

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Title: Amendment to article 20, paragraph 1 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Decided to replace in article 20, paragraph 1, of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, the words ’normally meet for a period of not more than two weeks annually in order’ by the words ’meet...

Title: Amendment to article 43 (2) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child

This amendment indicates, “The Committee shall consist of eighteen experts of high moral standing and recognized competence in the field covered by this Convention. The members of the Committee shall be elected by States Parties from among their nationals and shall serve in their personal capacity, consideration being given to equitable geographical distribution, as well...

Title: Amendment to the Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

The UNECE Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters was adopted on 25th June 1998 in the Danish city of Aarhus at the Fourth Ministerial Conference in the "Environment for Europe" process. It applies to 40 countries in Europe. The Convention is a new kind of environmental agreement. It...

Title: Amendments to Articles 25 and 26 of the Convention on the Protection and Use of Trans-boundary Watercourses and International Lakes

On 28 November 2003, the Parties to the Water Convention adopted amendments to articles 25 and 26. The amendments have been ratified by 10 Parties and will enter into force with 23...

Title: Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works

Started in 1886 and amended numerous times [latest amendment in 1979] this is the basic law on “Copyright” and states that the expression “literary and artistic works” shall include every production in the literary, scientific and artistic domain, whatever may be the mode or form of its expression, such as books, pamphlets and other writings; lectures,...

Title: Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity

The objective of this Protocol is to contribute to ensuring an adequate level of protection in the field of the safe transfer, handling and use of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking into account risks to human health, and specifically focusing on...

Title: CITES: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement that aims is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Annually, international wildlife trade is estimated to be worth billions of dollars and to include hundreds of millions of plant and...